Blue to Gold, LLC
Law Enforcement Training

Advanced Search & Seizure

Advanced Search & Seizure Course


State Approvals


POST Approved


POST Approved


MPCTC Approved


POST Approved


New Mexico
POST Approval In-Progress


North Dakota
POST Approval In-Progress

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CLEE Approved


POST Approved


TCOLE Credit


POST Approval In-Progress


West Virginia
In-Service Approved

Advanced Search & Seizure: Warrantless Searches

Formats: In-Person

The Only Nationally Certified Search & Seizure Training

This is the flagship Blue to Gold Course.  This course is designed for experienced law enforcement officers who already possess a background knowledge and functional experience in search and seizure law.  The instruction is advanced and fast-paced and uses case studies to explain the development and the current status of the legal aspects of searches and seizures.

Topics Covered

The one-day class covers the following topics:

  1. First, acquire a solid understand of the Fourth Amendment

    • What are the key words in the Fourth Amendment that need to be understood by officers

    • What are the three Golden Rules of search and seizure

  2. Next, we explain when the Fourth Amendment is implicated. In particular, we discuss the requirement of state action.

  3. We then discuss what is a Fourth Amendment search and seizure

    • What are the two searches recognized by the U.S. Supreme Court

    • When does a seizure occur of a person

    • When does a seizure occur of property

  4. Finally, we discuss the legal issues regarding the most used searches and seizures by police officers, in particular”

    • What one of three exceptions an officer needs every time a search or seizure is conducted

    • How to effectively articulate citizen-consensual encounters

    • How to articulate any consensual search, and what are the many pitfalls to avoid

    • What is apparent authority to consent to search, and what if officers are mistaken

    • How to conduct an investigative detention, and how to transition to a P.C. stop or back down to a consensual encounter

    • Legal land-mines regarding First Amendment statements and protesters

    • Hot pursuit into homes

    • Emergency entries into homes

    • The six lawful vehicle searches

    • Vehicle inventories and things to avoid

    • Stops based on anonymous tips

    • Control over occupants

  5. And much more!

The two-day class includes these additional topics:

  1. Building solid probable cause, including these topics:

    • Confidential informants

    • Reliability of “citizen informers”

    • The two collective knowledge doctrines

    • Articulating constructive possession offenses

  2. Dealing with homes, in particular:

    • Warrantless entry to prevent to destruction of evidence

    • Entries based on deception or ruses

  3. Police liability, with discussions about:

    • The inevitable discovery doctrine

    • The attenuation doctrine

    • 1983 civil lawsuits

    • Qualified immunity

  4. Interview and interrogation law, including these topics:

    • Miranda requirements and pitfalls

    • What are prohibited coercive factors

    • How to obtain effective waivers

    • When does a suspect invoke, and what right is invoked

    • How to legally reinitiate the interrogation after an invocation

    • Miranda exceptions

    • How courts handle Miranda violations

  5. And much more!

This course is only offered as live face-to-face classroom instruction.  Students receive a completion certificate and the latest edition of the Search & Seizure Survival Guide

Search & Seizure Survival Guide

All students receive the extremely popular and useful Search & Seizure Survival Guide. This field guide was designed from the ground up for police officers. It provides guidance on almost every imaginable search and seizure scenario, including advice on how to articulate the necessary legal doctrines in police reports. 

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Nationally Certified Instructors



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