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SCOTUS Cases

Key Supreme Court Cases

I. The Fourth Amendment: What is a Search?

  1. Generally

    Olmstead v. United States (1928) | Read

    Katz v. United States (1967) | Read | Listen

    United States v. Jones (2012) | Read | Listen

  2. Applies to Government Activities Only

    New Jersey v. T.L.O (1984) | Read | Listen

    Coolidge v. New Hampshire (1971) | Read | Listen

    Gouled v. United States (1921) | Read

  3. Reasonable Expectation of Privacy

    California v. Ciraolo (1986) | Read | Listen

    Dow Chemical Co. v. United States (1986) | Read | Listen

    Florida v. Riley (1989) | Read | Listen

    United States v. Chadwick (1977) | Read | Listen

    Illinois v. Andreas (1983) | Read | Listen

    United States v. Karo (1984) | Read | Listen

    Cardwell v. Lewis (1974) | Read | Listen

    Kyllo v. United States (2000) | Read | Listen

    Hoffa v. United States (1967) | Read

    Minnesota v. Olson (1990) | Read | Listen

    Minnesota v. Carter (1998) | Read | Listen

    O’Connor v. Ortega | Read | Listen

    City of Ontario v. Quon (2009) | Read | Listen

    Hudson v. Palmer (1984) | Read | Listen

    Maryland v. Macon (1985) | Read | Listen

    New York v. Class (1986) | Read | Listen

    Bond v. United States (2014) | Read | Listen

    United States v. Place (1983) | Read | Listen

  4. Open Fields

    Hester v. United States (1924) | Read

    Oliver v. United States (1984) | Read | Listen

    United States v. Dunn (1987) | Read | Listen

  5. Abandoned Property

    California v. Greenwood (1988) | Read | Listen

    Abel v. United States (1960) | Read | Listen

  6. Foreign Searches

    United States v. Verdugo-Urquidez (1990) | Read | Listen

  7. Private Intrusions

    United States v. Jacobsen (1984) | Read | Listen

    Walter v. United States (1980) | Read | Listen

  8. Third-Party Control

    United States v. Miller (1939) | Read | Listen

    Smith v. Maryland (1979) | Read | Listen

II. The Fourth Amendment: What is a Seizure?

  1. Generally

    California v. Hodari (1991) | Read | Listen

    Brower v. Inyo County (1989) | Read | Listen

    Michigan v. Chesternut (1988) | Read | Listen

    Brendlin v. California (2007) | Read | Listen

    Florida v. Bostick (1991) | Read | Listen

    United States v. Drayton (2002) | Read | Listen

    Soldal v. Cook County (1992) | Read | Listen

  2. Arrests

    1. Generally

      Atwater v. City of Lago Vista (2001) | Read | Listen

    2. Premises

      Payton v. New York (1980) | Read | Listen

      New York v. Harris (1990) | Read | Listen

      Kirk v. Louisiana (1988) | Read

    3. Third-Party Premises

      Steagald v. United States (1981) | Read | Listen

      Pembaur v. Cincinnati (1986) | Read | Listen

    4. Arrest Warrants

      Whiteley v. Warden (1971) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Watson (1976) | Read | Listen

      Maryland v. Buie (1990) | Read | Listen

  3. Stops

    1. Generally

      Terry v. Ohio (1986) | Read | Listen

      Davis v. Mississippi (1969) | Read | Listen

      Florida v. Royer (1983) | Read | Listen

    2. Terry Stops/Traffic Stops

      Delaware v. Prouse (1979) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Sharpe (1985) | Read | Listen

      Heien v. North Carolina (2014) | Read | Listen

      Rodriguez v. United States (1987) | Read

      Illinois v. Caballes (2005) | Read | Listen

      Pennsylvania v. Mimms (1977) | Read

      Maryland v. Wilson(1997) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Hensley (1985) | Read | Listen

      Hayes v. Florida (1985) | Read | Listen

    3. Stops at the Border

      United States v. Montoya de Hernandez (1985) | Read | Listen

      Almeida-Sanchez v. United States (1973) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Martinez-Fuerte (1976) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Brignoni-Ponce (1975) | Read | Listen

III. Levels of Suspicion

  1. Probable Cause

    Ornelas v. United States (1996) | Read | Listen

    Henry v. United States (1959) | Read | Listen

    Draper v. United States (1959) | Read | Listen

    Sibron v. New York (1968) | Read | Listen

    Peters v. New York (2004) | Read

    Maryland v. Pringle (2003) | Read | Listen

    Florida v. Harris (2012) | Read

  2. Reasonable Suspicion

    Adams v. Williams (1972) | Read | Listen

    Brown v. Texas (1979) | Read | Listen

    United States v. Sokolow (1989) | Read | Listen

    Alabama v. White (1990) | Read | Listen

    Florida v. J. L. (2000) | Read | Listen

    Navarette v. California (2013) | Read

    Illinois v. Wardlow (2000) | Read

    United States v. Arvizu (2002) | Read | Listen

IV. Search Warrants

  1. Probable Cause

    1. Required

      Byars v. United States (1927) | Read

      Winston v. Lee (1985) | Read | Listen

    2. Establishing P.C. in the Affidavit

      United States v. Ventresca (1965) | Read | Listen

      Aguilar v. Texas (1964) | Read | Listen

      Spinelli v. United States (1969) | Read | Listen

      Illinois v. Gates (1983) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Harris (1883) | Read

      United States v. Grubbs (2006) | Read | Listen

    3. Neutral and Detached Magistrate

      Connelly v. Georgia (1977) | Read

      Lo-Ji Sales, Inc. v. New York (1979) | Read | Listen

    4. With Particularity

      Andresen v. Maryland (1976) | Read | Listen

      Stanford v. Texas (1965) | Read | Listen

      Groh v. Ramirez (2004) | Read | Listen

      Messerschmidt v. Millender (2012) | Read

      Maryland v. Garrison (1987) | Read | Listen

      Steele v. United States (1925) | Read

  2. Serving the Warrant

    1. Knock and Announce

      Sabbath v. United States (1968) | Read | Listen

      Wilson v. Arkansas (1995) | Read | Listen

      Hudson v. Michigan (2006) | Listen

      Richards v. Wisconsin (1997) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Ramirez (1998) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Banks (2003) | Read | Listen

    2. Persons at the Premises

      Michigan v. Summers (1981) | Read | Listen

      Muehler v. Mena (2005) | Read | Listen

      Bailey v. United States (2013) | Read

      Los Angeles County v. Rettele (2007) | Read

      Ybarra v. Illinois (1979) | Read | Listen

      Illinois v. McArthur (2001) | Read | Listen

    3. Related Issues

      United States v. Van Leeuwen (1970) | Read | Listen

      Segura v. United States (1984) | Read | Listen

      Sgro v. United States (1932) | Read

      Gooding v. United States (1974) | Read | Listen

      Dalia v. United States (1979) | Read | Listen

      Franks v. Delaware (1978) | Read | Listen

      Wilson v. Layne (1999) | Read | Listen

      Hanlon v. Berger (1999) | Read | Listen

V. Search Warrant Exceptions - P.C. Required

  1. Plain View

    Horton v. California (1990) | Read | Listen

    Arizona v. Hicks (1987) | Read | Listen

    Texas v. Brown (1983) | Read | Listen

  2. Motor Vehicles

    Carroll v. United States (1925) | Read

    Chambers v. Maroney (1970) | Read | Listen

    United States v. Ross (1982) | Read | Listen

    Michigan v. Thomas (1982) | Read

    Florida v. Myers (1984) | Read

    United States v. Johns (1985) | Read | Listen

    Pennsylvania v. Labron (1996) | Read

    Maryland v. Dyson (1999) | Read

    California v. Carney (1985) | Read | Listen

    California v. Acevedo (1991) | Read | Listen

    Wyoming v. Houghton (1999) | Read | Listen

  3. Destruction of Evidence

    Kentucky v. King (2011) | Read | Listen

    Cupp v. Murphy (1973) | Read | Listen

    Schmerber v. California (1966) | Read | Listen

    Missouri v. McNeely (2013) | Read | Listen

  4. Hot Pursuit

    Warden v. Hayden (1967) | Read | Listen

    Welsh v. Wisconsin (1984) | Read | Listen

    United States v. Santana (1976) | Read | Listen

  5. Emergency Scenes

    Michigan v. Tyler (1978) | Read | Listen

    Michigan v. Clifford (1984) | Read | Listen

    Mincey v. Arizona (1978) | Read | Listen

    Thompson v. Louisiana (1984) | Read

    Flippo v. West Virginia (1999) | Listen

    Brigham City v. Stuart (2006) | Read | Listen

    Michigan v. Fisher (2009) | Read

    Ryburn v. Huff (2012) | Read

VI. Search Warrant Exceptions - P.C. Not Required

  1. Frisks

    Arizona v. Johnson (2009) | Read | Listen

    Michigan v. Long (1983) | Read | Listen

    Minnesota v. Dickerson (1993) | Read

  2. Searches Incident to Arrest

    1. Generally

      United States v. Chadwick (1997) | Read | Listen

    2. Premises

      Go-Bart Importing Co. v. United States (1931) | Read

      Chimel v. California (1969) | Read | Listen

      Agnello v. United States (1925) | Read

      Shipley v. California (1969) | Read

      Vale v. Louisiana (1970) | Read | Listen

    3. Persons

      United States v. Robinson (1973) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Edwards (1974) | Read | Listen

      Virginia v. Moore (2008) | Read | Listen

      Florence v. County of Burlington (2012) | Read

      Maryland v. King (2013) | Read | Listen

    4. Cell Phones

      Riley v. California (2014) | Read | Listen

    5. Vehicles

      Arizona v. Gant (2009) | Read | Listen

      New York v. Belton (1981) | Read | Listen

      Preston v. United States (1964) | Read | Listen

      Thornton v. United States (2004) | Read | Listen

      Knowles v. Iowa (1998) | Read | Listen

    6. Compelled Breath/Blood Tests (DUI)

      Birchfield v. North Dakota (2016) | Read

  3. Consent

    United States v. Mendenhall (1980) | Read | Listen

    Schneckloth v. Bustamonte (1973) | Read | Listen

    Ohio v. Robinette (1996) | Read | Listen

    Frazier v. Cupp (1969) | Read | Listen

    Georgia v. Randolph (2006) | Read | Listen

    Fernandez v. California (2014) | Read | Listen

    United States v. Matlock (1974) | Read | Listen

    Chapman v. United States (1961) | Read | Listen

    Stoner v. California (1964) | Read | Listen

    Illinois v. Rodriguez (1990) | Read | Listen

    Bumper v. North Carolina (1968) | Read | Listen

    Lewis v. United States (1966) | Read | Listen

    Florida v. Jimeno (1991) | Read | Listen

    Florida v. Jardines (2013) | Read | Listen

  4. Inventories

    South Dakota v. Opperman (1976) | Read | Listen

    Harris v. United States (1968) | Read | Listen

    Colorado v. Bertine (1987) | Read | Listen

    Cooper v. California (1967) | Read | Listen

    Illinois v. Lafayette (1983) | Read | Listen

    Florida v. Wells (1990) | Read | Listen

  5. Inspections

    1. Structures

      See v. City of Seattle (1967) | Read | Listen

      Camara v. Municipal Court (1967) | Read | Listen

      Marshall v. Barlow’s Inc. (1978) | Read | Listen

      Donovan v. Dewey (1981) | Read | Listen

      New York v. Burger (1987) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Biswell (1972) | Read | Listen

      City of Los Angeles v. Patel (2015) | Read | Listen

    2. Vehicles

      Michigan v. Sitz (1990) | Read | Listen

      City of Indianapolis v. Edmond (2000) | Read | Listen

      Illinois v. Lidster (2004) | Read | Listen

    3. Parolees

      United States v. Knights (2001) | Read | Listen

      Samson v. California (2006) | Read | Listen

    4. Special Needs

      Skinner v. Railway Labor Executives’ Association (1989) | Read | Listen

      National Treasury Employees Union v. Von Raab (1989) | Read | Listen

      Ferguson v. City of Charleston (2001) | Read | Listen

      Vernonia School District v. Acton (1994) | Read | Listen

      Board of Education v. Earls (2002) | Read | Listen

      Chandler v. Miller (1997) | Read | Listen

      Wyman v. James (1971) | Read | Listen

    5. Border Inspections

      United States v. Ramsey (1977) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Flores-Montano (2004) | Read | Listen

      Abel v. United States (1960) | Read | Listen

VII. Fourth Amendment - Exclusionary Rule

  1. Origins

    Weeks v. United States (1914) | Read

    Elkins v. United States (1960) | Read | Listen

    Mapp v. Ohio (1961) | Read | Listen

  2. Fruit of the Poisonous Tree

    Silverthorne Lumber Co. v. United States (1920) | Read

    Nardone v. United States (1939) | Read

    United States v. Ceccolini (1978) | Read | Listen

    United States v. Crews (1980) | Read | Listen

    Trupiano v. United States (1948) | Read

  3. Exceptions to the Exclusionary Rule

    1. No Standing to Object

      Rawlings v. Kentucky (1980) | Read | Listen

      Rakas v. Illinois (1978) | Read | Listen

      Wong Sun v. United States (1963) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Salvucci, Jr. (1980) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Payner (1980) | Read | Listen

      United States v. Padilla (1993) | Read | Listen

      Alderman v. United States (1968) | Read | Listen

      Mancusi v. DeForte (1968) | Read | Listen

    2. Good Faith Exception

      United States v. Leon (1984) | Read | Listen

      Massachusetts v. Sheppard (1984) | Read | Listen

      Arizona v. Evans (1995) | Read | Listen

      Herring v. United States (2009) | Read

      Davis v. United States (2011) | Read | Listen

      Illinois v. Krull (1987) | Read | Listen

    3. Impeachment Purposes

      Walder v. United States (1954) | Read

      United States v. Havens (1980) | Read | Listen

      James v. Illinois (1990) | Read | Listen

    4. Independent Source

      Murray v. United States (1988) | Read | Listen

    5. Inevitable Discovery

      Nix v. Williams (1984) | Read | Listen

    6. Attenuation

      Utah v. Strieff (2016) | Read | Listen

    7. Other Hearings

      United States v. Calandra (1974) | Read | Listen

      Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole v. Scott (1998) | Read | Listen

VIII. Related Search and Seizure Issues

  1. Officer’s Intent

    Whren v. United States (1996) | Read | Listen

    Devenpeck v. Alford (2004) | Read | Listen

    Arkansas v. Sullivan (2001) | Read

  2. Other Issues

    G. M. Leasing Corp. v. United States (1977) | Read | Listen

    Florida v. White (1999) | Read | Listen

    Kolender v. Lawson (1983) | Read | Listen

    Hiibel v. Sixth Judicial District Court (2004) | Read | Listen

    Gerstein v. Pugh (1975) | Read | Listen

    Zurcher v. Stanford Daily (1978) | Read | Listen

    A Quantity of Copies of Books v. Kansas (1964) | Read | Listen

IX. The Fifth Amendment

  1. Introductory Issues

    Malloy v. Hogan

    Corley v. United States

    Brogan v. United States

    Mitchell v. United States

  2. Fourth Amendment Violations

    Dunaway v. New York

    New York v. Harris

    Brown v. Illinois

    Taylor v. Alabama

    Kaupp v. Texas

  3. Due Process

    Foster v. California

    Stovall v. Denno

    Neil v. Biggers

    Perry v. New Hampshire

    Simmons v. United States

    Manson v. Brathwaite

  4. Testimonial Evidence

    Schmerber v. California

    United States v. Dionisio

    United States v. Mara

  5. Compelled

    Brown v. Mississippi

    Andresen v. Maryland

    United States v. Doe

    United States v. Hubbell

    United States v. Balsys

  6. Holder of the Privilege

    Braswell v. United States

    Couch v. United States

    Doe v. United States

    Fisher v. United States

    Bellis v. United States

  7. Voluntary

    Rogers v. Richmond

    Lynumn v. Illinois

    Colorado v. Connelly

    Arizona v. Fulminante

    Beecher v. Alabama

    Haynes v. Washington

    Townsend v. Sain

    Lego v. Twomey

    Spano v. New York

  8. Immunity

    Murphy et. al. v. Waterfront Commission of New York Harbor

    Kastigar v. United States

    Ohio v. Reiner

  9. Custodial Interrogation - Miranda

    1. Generally

      Miranda v. Arizona

      Dickerson v. United States

      Florida v. Powell

    2. Police

      Illinois v. Perkins

      Arizona v. Mauro

    3. Custody

      Berkemer v. McCarty

      Pennsylvania v. Bruder

      Oregon v. Mathiason

      Beckwith v. United States

      Orozco v. Texas

      Mathis v. United States

      Howes v. Fields

      Stansbury v. California

      California v. Beheler

      Thompson v. Keohane

      Yarborough v. Alvarado

      J. D. B. v. North Carolina

    4. Interrogation

      Rhode Island v. Innis

      Pennsylvania v. Muniz

    5. Right to Silence

      Salinas v. Texas

      Berghuis v. Thompkins

      Jenkins v. Anderson

      Fletcher v. Weir

      United States v. Hale

      Doyle v. Ohio

      Michigan v. Mosley

    6. Right to Counsel

      Edwards v. Arizona

      Arizona v. Roberson

      Minnick v. Mississippi

      Maryland v. Shatzer

      Davis v. United States

      Smith v. Illinois

      McNeil v. Wisconsin

      Oregon v. Bradshaw

    7. Waiver

      Colorado v. Spring

      Connecticut v. Barrett

      California v. Prysock

      Duckworth v. Eagan

      North Carolina v. Butler

      Oregon v. Elstad

      Missouri v. Seibert

      Bobby v. Dixon

      Michigan v. Tucker

      United States v. Patane

      Chavez v. Martinez

      Moran v. Burbine

    8. Government Employees

      Gardner v. Broderick

      Garrity v. New Jersey

      Kalkines v. United States

      Lefkowitz v. Turley

      LaChance v. Erickson

      NASA v. FLRA

    9. Miranda Exceptions

      Harris v. New York

      New York v. Quarles

X. The Sixth Amendment Right to Counsel

  1. Attachment of Right

    Kirby v. Illinois

    Montejo v. Louisiana

    Rothgery v. Gillespie County

    United States v. Gouveia

  2. Critical Stages

    1. Questioning

      Brewer v. Williams

      Patterson v. Illinois

      United States v. Henry

      Kuhlmann v. Wilson

      Fellers v. United States

    2. Lineups

      Gilbert v. California

      United States v. Wade

  3. Right to Counsel

    Massiah v. United States

  4. Crime Specific

    Maine v. Moulton

    Texas v. Cobb

  5. Confrontation Clause

    Melendez-Diaz v. Massachusetts

    Bullcoming v. New Mexico

    Michigan v. Bryant

    Hardy v. Cross

XI. Use of Force

  1. Generally

    Graham v. Connor

    Tennessee v. Garner

    Scott v. Harris

    Plumhoff v. Rickard

    City & Cnty. of San Francisco v. Sheehan

    Mullenix v. Luna

    Kinglsey v. Hendrickson

XII. Liability

  1. Generally

    Bivens v. Six Unknown Named Agents of the Federal Bureau of Narcotics

    County Of Sacramento v. Lewis

    Malley v. Briggs

    Saucier v. Katz

    Reichle v. Howards

    Wood v. Moss

    Millbrook v. United States

  2. Brady Material

    Brady v. Maryland

    Banks v. Dretke

    Giglio v. United States

    Smith v. Cain

XIII. Other Cases

  1. Generally

    Riverside v. McLaughlin

    Sanchez-Llamas v. Oregon

    Snyder v. Phelps

    Smith v. United States